The Unitary Patent
The Unitary Patent (UP) will be a single patent covering all participating Member States of the European Union (EU). It will be available with almost no translation costs and will have a single, relatively low, renewal fee. These changes offer the potential for substantial savings, especially where patent protection across most of Europe is desirable. It is already possible to request a UP from the EPO at the grant stage, although these UPs will not proceed to grant until the UPC comes into effect in June 2023.
The UP will be granted by the EPO following the existing procedure for European Patents (EPs). All EU states are potentially participating Member States with the exception of Spain, Poland and Croatia, but to start with UPs will cover 17 EU states as shown by our landscape tool. The UP is an alternative to existing EPs, and EPs will remain available from the EPO. For example, EPs for non-UP states can be used in combination with a UP to achieve coverage outside the UP system.
Aside from the cost considerations, users need to be aware that the choice of the UP automatically carries with it the choice of the UPC; all UPs will be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the new court and there is no possibility of opting out of the UPC if a UP is chosen. The benefits and risks of participation in the UPC should therefore be borne in mind in any decision regarding whether or not to choose the UP as an alternative to the EP in those participating member states.
As far as benefits, the UP could provide very significant savings – perhaps as high as 80% – in the cumulative lifetime cost of protection in all of the participating EU Member States compared to the same protection provided by an EP. You can find more information on cumulative year-by-year costs for protection using an EP versus a UP and EP combination, as well as a wealth of further information on the UPC here in our UPC Guide.