The status of European states

The status of European states

By extending protection by up to five and a half years, SPCs are one of the most valuable forms of intellectual property

The following table lists availability in most European countries and those states available through the EPO.

CodeStateEU?EEA?EPC contracting state?Covered by EMA?SPCs available?
ATAustriaYYYYY
BEBelgiumYYYYY
BGBulgariaYYYYY
HRCroatiaYYYYY
CYCyprusYYYYY
CZCzech RepublicYYYYY
DKDenmarkYYYYY
EEEstoniaYYYYY
FIFinlandYYYYY
FRFranceYYYYY
DEGermanyYYYYY
GRGreeceYYYYY
HUHungaryYYYYY
IEIrelandYYYYY
ITItalyYYYYY
LVLatviaYYYYY
LTLithuaniaYYYYY
LULuxembourgYYYYY
MTMaltaYYYYY
NLNetherlandsYYYYY
PLPolandYYYYY
PTPortugalYYYYY
RORomaniaYYYYY
SKSlovakiaYYYYY
SISloveniaYYYYY
ESSpainYYYYY
SESwedenYYYYY
GBUnited KingdomYYY
LILiechtensteinNYY⁵
YY⁵
NONorwayNYYYY
ISIcelandNYYYY
CHSwitzerlandNNY⁵NY⁵
MKRepublic of North MacedoniaNYNY
ALAlbaniaNYNY
BABosnia and HerzegovinaNEXTNY
KSRepublic of KosovoNNNN
ME4MontenegroNEXTNN
RS4SerbiaNYNY
MCMonacoNNYNN
TRTurkeyNYNN
SMSan MarinoNNYNN
MDMoldovaNNVALNY
GEGeorgiaNNN⁶NY
MAMoroccoNNVALNN
TNTunisiaNNVALNN
KHCambodiaNNVALNN
HKHong KongNNN⁷NN

Key

  1. The UK is no longer a member of the European Union, but remains subject to EU law (including authorisations granted by the EMA) during the Brexit transitional period which lasts until the end of December 2020
  2. As an EU “candidate country”, it is not part of the EU yet but it is negotiating (or waiting to start negotiating) EU membership terms
  3. As an EU “potential candidate country”, it has been promised the prospect of joining when it is ready
  4. Formerly the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (YU)
  5. A patent or SPC in Switzerland also takes effect in Liechtenstein
  6. Georgia signed validation agreement with the EPO in 2019, but the agreement is yet to come into force
  7. Patents in Hong Kong can be obtained via a filing at the EPO

EXT: EPO Extension state

VAL: EPO Validation state

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